orchid scientific name
Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). For example, when Brassovola and Cattleya are interbred, the new genus name is Brassocattleya. For example, the orchid is the City Flower of Shaoxing, China. Note: Orchids A to Z uses a copyright notice over the popup photos. Orchid family is the family in which it has some properties in common with other plants in that family. The common name of any plant can differ region to region. As mentioned, the ovary is always inferior (located behind the flower).  The flowers may produce attractive odours. In 2011, Bulbophyllum nocturnum was discovered to flower nocturnally.. To avoid invoking it, keep cursor away from photo and use button to … Every plant has different names in different languages. However, if there are more than three genera, the name would get ridiculously long, so the names are not just chained together when there are four or more genera. There are about 600 genera (plural of genus) in the orchid family. by Marlin Bowles It is the only orchid widely used for industrial purposes in flavoring such products as foods, beverages and cosmetics, and is recognized as the most popular aroma and flavor. For example: Paphiopedilum Jim Kie 'Springwater' HCC/AOS, tells four things about this plant: •It is a member of the genus Paphiopedilum. The most widely known member is the flat-leaved vanilla (V. planifolia), native to Mexico, from which commercial vanilla flavoring is derived. Plant family is the group of plants which have something in common. Orchid family is the family in which it has some properties in common with other plants in that family. Regardless, the number of orchid species is nearly equal to the number of bony fishes, more than twice the number of bird species, and about four times the number of mammal species.  The term "orchid" was introduced in 1845 by John Lindley in School Botany, as a shortened form of Orchidaceae. Orchidaceae are cosmopolitan, occurring in almost every habitat apart from glaciers. The torsion of the ovary is very evident from the longitudinal section shown (below right). Some saprophytic orchid species of the group Gastrodia produce potato-like tubers and were consumed as food by native peoples in Australia and can be successfully cultivated, notably Gastrodia sesamoides. endangered in the foreseeable future. Botanists abbreviate generic names with the first letter (such as C. for Cattleya and E. for Epidendrum), while horticulturists often use short abbreviations, such as Epi. To elucidate an orchid's name, pick up a catalog or plant label from one of your plants. When an orchid is a man-made hybrid, the second part of the name is referred to as the “grex” name. This characteristic, called resupination, occurs primitively in the family and is considered apomorphic, a derived characteristic all Orchidaceae share. Some orchids, such as Dendrophylax lindenii (ghost orchid), Aphyllorchis and Taeniophyllum depend on their green roots for photosynthesis and lack normally developed leaves, as do all of the heterotrophic species. Together, the genus name and specific epithet comprise the species name, and often impart a bit of information. Rhynchostylis retusa is the state flower of the Indian state of Assam where it is known as Kopou Phul. By looking at the name, how can you tell whether the orchid is a species name or a grex name (natural vs. man-made)? In cultivation, germination typically takes weeks. The key constituent imparting its popular characteristics is the phenolic aldehyde, vanillin Like most monocots, orchids generally have simple leaves with parallel veins, although some Vanilloideae have reticulate venation. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). The Orchidaceae are well known for the many structural variations in their flowers. In scientific classification of Orchid, Family is a main factor. The taxonomy of this family is in constant flux, as new studies continue to clarify the relationships between species and groups of species, allowing more taxa at several ranks to be recognized. Use our orchid guide to find 20 types ranging from dendrobium orchids to more exotic varieties. As a result, some of the orchids with the same grex name don’t look exactly alike. While leaving the flower, it pulls the pollinium out of the anther, as it is connected to the viscidium by the caudicle or stipe. A pseudobulb typically lives for about five years.  The determination of which family is larger is still under debate, because verified data on the members of such enormous families are continually in flux. These can be small, local clubs, or larger, national organisations such as the American Orchid Society. A specific epithet may indicate place of origin (costaricensis, from Costa Rica), the person who found the orchid (besseae, for Libby Besse), a characteristic of the orchid (glabra, for smooth) or honor an individual (garayi, for Leslie Garay). To avoid invoking it, keep cursor away from photo and use button to … Glancing at the clonal names above reveals some extra letters -- such as AM/AOS and HCC/AOS -- following the plants' names. settler gives account of local Aboriginal people gathering potato orchid tubers, digging where bandicoots had scratched. The Orchidaceae is currently placed in the order Asparagales by the APG III system of 2009.  An extinct species of stingless bee, Proplebeia dominicana, was found trapped in Miocene amber from about 15-20 million years ago. Species such as Angraecum sororium are lithophytes, growing on rocks or very rocky soil. for Epidendrum and Phal. Caudicles or stipes hold the pollinia to the viscidium, a sticky pad which sticks the pollinia to the body of pollinators. In reality, hybrid names are mostly very obvious. Phone: 612-713-5360 The complex mechanisms that orchids have evolved to achieve cross-pollination were investigated by Charles Darwin and described in Fertilisation of Orchids (1862). for Phalaenopsis. These awards may be given to both species and hybrids. The Orchidaceae is currently placed in the order Asparagales by the APG III system of 2009.. Usually when the genus name ends with “ara”, that means the genus is made up of four or more natural genera. Some species, such as Phalaenopsis, Dendrobium, and Vanda, produce offshoots or plantlets formed from one of the nodes along the stem, through the accumulation of growth hormones at that point. Hybrids have names, too. Hence, scientific name of Orchid is used worldwide. In this example, the second part of the orchid name – schilleriana – is the species name.  The largest genera are Bulbophyllum (2,000 species), Epidendrum (1,500 species), Dendrobium (1,400 species) and Pleurothallis (1,000 species). by Marlin Bowles, photo All rights reserved. Moreover, since the introduction of tropical species into cultivation in the 19th century, horticulturists have produced more than 100,000 hybrids and cultivars. The pseudobulb has a smooth surface with lengthwise grooves, and can have different shapes, often conical or oblong. Some species may exhibit certain characteristics with additional variation which a taxonomist may recognize by assigning a subspecies, varietal or form name. f. – koellensteinia P: Genus Laelia Lindl. Since this subfamily occurs worldwide in tropical and subtropical regions, from tropical America to tropical Asia, New Guinea and West Africa, and the continents began to split about 100 million years ago, significant biotic exchange must have occurred after this split (since the age of Vanilla is estimated at 60 to 70 million years). The medial petal, called the labellum or lip (6), which is always modified and enlarged, is actually the upper medial petal; however, as the flower develops, the inferior ovary (7) or the pedicel usually rotates 180°, so that the labellum arrives at the lower part of the flower, thus becoming suitable to form a platform for pollinators. Usually breeders register cultivar names if they think the specific orchid has award potential. A sound card and speakers are required to hear the spoken name. Orchids are then awarded if they reach certain points (out of 100-point scale). A few of these genera contain enormous numbers of species. Cultivar names can be ‘inherited’; if an orchid was propagated by division, mericloning or selfing, then it gets the same cultivar name because it shares the exact same DNA with the original orchid plant.
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