kale scientific name

…the same botanical name as kale, from which it differs only in leaf characters: collard leaves are much broader, are not frilled, and resemble those of head cabbage. Kale plants have green or purple leaves, and the central leaves do not form a head (as with headed cabbage). [8] It is hardy and thrives in wintertime,[8] and can survive in temperatures as low as –15° Celsius. What is the exposition of the story of sinigang? Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). One may differentiate between kale varieties according to the low, intermediate, or high length of the stem, along with the variety of leaf types. Where is Martha Elliott Bill Elliott ex-wife today? Omissions? Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Lower leaves commonly…. Updates? B. oleracea has become established as an important human food crop plant, used because of its large food reserves, which are stored over the winter in its leaves. The nutritious leaves can be eaten fresh or cooked. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? When did organ music become associated with baseball? Our latest podcast episode features popular TED speaker Mara Mintzer. [16] As with broccoli and other cruciferous vegetables, kale contains glucosinolate compounds, such as glucoraphanin, which contributes to the formation of sulforaphane,[17] a compound under preliminary research for its potential to affect human health. The plant may be harvested by cutting off the entire rosette before the stem has elongated, or (especially in areas with long, cool growing periods) the individual lower leaves may be removed progressively as the main stem elongates. Did the Jonas Brothers Co-Write Get Back by Demi Lovato? [23], In the Netherlands, a traditional winter dish called "boerenkoolstamppot" is a mix of curly kale and mashed potatoes, sometimes with fried bacon, and served with rookworst ("smoked sausage"). Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Because kale can grow well into winter, one variety of rape kale is called "hungry gap" after the period in winter in traditional agriculture when little else could be harvested. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. [3] Curly-leaved varieties of cabbage already existed along with flat-leaved varieties in Greece in the 4th century BC. [22], Flavored "kale chips" have been produced as a potato chip substitute. Brassica oleracea is the scientific name for plants that produce broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, Brussel sprouts and kale. Kale is a good source (10–19% DV) of thiamin, riboflavin, pantothenic acid, vitamin E and several dietary minerals, including iron, calcium, potassium, and phosphorus (see table "Kale, raw"). Yes, But Not That Tasty", "Kale, broccoli and cabbage replace traditional flowers as brides opt for vegetable wedding bouquets", "Bremen's unique tradition | European Traveler", "On the kale tour trail in Germany, schnapps in hand", "THE LAZY GARDENER 'Off one's kail' you'll be if you eat these winter beauties", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kale&oldid=986989329, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Curly-leaf (Scots kale, blue curled kale). How long will the footprints on the moon last? [1], Kale originates from Northern Middle English cale (compare Scots kail) for various cabbages. [3] USDA botanist David Fairchild is credited with introducing kale (and many other crops) to Americans,[4][5] having brought it back from Croatia,[5] although Fairchild himself disliked cabbages, including kale. Jersey kale Photo. The different types of ornamental kale are peacock kale, coral prince, kamone coral queen, color up kale and chidori kale. These forms, which were referred to by the Romans as Sabellian kale, are considered to be the ancestors of modern kales. [24], In Northern Germany, there is a winter tradition known as "Kohlfahrt" ("kale trip"), where a group of people will go on a hike through the woods during the day before gathering at an inn where kale is served, usually with bacon and Kohlwurst ("kale sausage"). [11] Kai-lan or Chinese kale is a cultivar often used in Chinese cuisine. [verification needed][14] Kale leaves are increasingly used as an ingredient for vegetable bouquets and wedding bouquets.[15]. A traditional Portuguese soup, caldo verde, combines pureed potatoes, diced kale, olive oil and salt. The leaves can be eaten fresh or as a cooked vegetable and are a source of vitamin A, vitamin C, calcium, iron, and vitamin B6. [13] Ornamental kale is as edible as any other variety, but potentially not as palatable. [5] At the time, kale was widely grown in Croatia mostly because it was easy to grow and inexpensive, and could desalinate soil. [3] Records in 14th-century England distinguish between hard-heading cabbage and loose-leaf kale. Kale originated in the eastern Mediterranean and Asia Minor, where it was cultivated for food beginning by 2000 BCE at the latest. Bumpy-leaf (black cabbage, better known by its Italian translation 'cavolo nero', and also known as Tuscan Cabbage, Tuscan Kale, Plain-leaf (flat-leaf types like red Russian and white Russian kale), Leaf and spear, or feathery-type leaf (a cross between curly- and plain-leaf), Ornamental (less palatable and tougher leaves), This page was last edited on 4 November 2020, at 04:51. A few names on this list will fascinate those interested in the derivation of plant names: Achillea millefolium, Adonis amurensis, and Bougainvillea. Begonia semperflorens is the scientific name for begonia flowers. (1) - While there are different types of kale, they cook and taste differently: (1) Curly kale: it is the most common variety, and as the name suggests, it is curly and wavy on the leaf edges. How is the Senate Majority Leader chosen? Kale (/ k eɪ l /), or leaf cabbage, belongs to a group of cabbage (Brassica oleracea) cultivars grown for their edible leaves, although some are used as ornamentals.Kale plants have green or purple leaves, and the central leaves do not form a head (as with headed cabbage).Kales are considered to be closer to wild cabbage than most of the many domesticated forms of Brassica oleracea. [6] The vegetable was easy to grow and provided important nutrients missing from a diet because of rationing. What is the dispersion medium of mayonnaise? By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. [12], Many varieties of kale and cabbage are grown mainly for ornamental leaves that are brilliant white, red, pink, lavender, blue or violet in the interior of the rosette. Kale (/keɪl/), or leaf cabbage, belongs to a group of cabbage (Brassica oleracea) cultivars grown for their edible leaves, although some are used as ornamentals. [30] It is popular on Halloween,[31] when it may be served with sausages. Learn more about the physical and nutritional characteristics of kale. Raw kale is composed of 84% water, 9% carbohydrates, 4% protein, and 1% fat (table). This article was most recently revised and updated by. [28] Additional ingredients can include broth and sliced, cooked spicy sausage. To be "off one's kail" is to feel too ill to eat.[29]. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Where is the line between fruit and vegetable really drawn? Kale plants produce a rosette of elongated leaves with wavy to frilled margins. [25] Kale is considered a Northern German staple and comfort food. The leaves are typically blue-green in colour but can also be light green, red, or purple, depending on the variety. It is a rich source (20% or more of the DV) of vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin B6, folate, and manganese (see table "Kale, raw"). Test your knowledge with this quiz. [3], Russian kale was introduced into Canada, and then into the United States, by Russian traders in the 19th century. Kale is grown mainly for autumn and winter harvest, as cold improves its eating quality and flavour; its hardiness permits harvest of fresh greens after most fresh vegetables have become unavailable. Kale is a source of the carotenoids, lutein and zeaxanthin (tables). [18], Boiling kale decreases the level of glucosinate compounds, whereas steaming, microwaving or stir frying does not cause significant loss. [5] For most of the twentieth century, kale was primarily used in the United States for decorative purposes; it became more popular as an edible vegetable in the 1990s due to its nutritional value. The fruits are dry capsules known as siliques. Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. The Kailyard school of Scottish writers, which included J. M. Barrie (creator of Peter Pan), consisted of authors who wrote about traditional rural Scottish life (kailyard = 'kale field'). In a long growing season the main stem reaches a height of 60 cm (24 inches) or more. Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? Is mark weinstein related to Harvey Weinstein? The earliest record of cabbages in western Europe is of hard-heading cabbage in the 13th century. Common Name: KALE Scientific Name: (Brassica oleraceae var acephala) Other Name: Borecole, Sukuma wiki. Kales are considered to be closer to wild cabbage than most of the many domesticated forms of Brassica oleracea. What is the Strengths of sari sari store? An extra-tall variety is known as Jersey kale or cow cabbage. Kale, loose-leafed edible plant derived from the cabbage of the mustard family. II--crops, "Is Ornamental Kale Edible? ©AgrEvo [19] Kale is high in oxalic acid, the levels of which can be reduced by cooking. What was nasdaq index close on December 31 2007? In Ireland, kale is mixed with mashed potatoes to make the traditional dish colcannon. [20], Kale contains high levels of polyphenols, such as ferulic acid,[21] with levels varying due to environmental and genetic factors. [7], Kale is usually an annual plant grown from seed with a wide range of germination temperatures. Kale, (Brassica oleracea, variety acephala), loose-leafed edible plant derived from the cabbage of the mustard family (Brassicaceae). [33], A traditional New Years Danish dish: boiled ham, glazed potatoes and stewed kale, Curly kale, one of the many varieties of kale, Bailey, L. H., (1912, republished in 1975). Kales are considered closer to wild cabbage than most of the other domesticated forms of Brassica oleracea. Corrections? In Scotland, kale provided such a base for a traditional diet that the word in some Scots dialects is synonymous with food. The first two come from figures out of Greek mythology. The leaf colours range from light green to green, to dark green and violet-green, to violet-brown. Kale is grown mainly for autumn and winter harvest, as cold improves its eating quality and flavor. Scientific Names of Plants, A-B . Who was Hillary Clintons running mate in the 2008 presidential elections? A story is told in which a neighbouring village offered to pay a generous price for some kale seeds, an offer too good to turn down. [9] Kale can become sweeter after a heavy frost.[10]. [32] In Cuthbertson's book Autumn in Kyle and the charm of Cunninghame, he states that Kilmaurs in East Ayrshire was famous for its kale, which was an important foodstuff. The ultimate origin is Latin caulis 'cabbage'.[2]. The Spruce Eats - What is Kale and How is it Prepared. What is the interesting part of the story of why sinigang? What are the release dates for The Wonder Pets - 2006 Save the Ladybug? What characteristics of an epic are shown in the story indarapatra and sulayman? Field crop: Fragaria ananassa (strawberry); grown as a field crop, note flowers, and straw used to protect developing fruits. Introduction: The kale (Sukuma wiki) is a member of the cabbage family with a wide ecological adaptability.Kale is very high in beta carotene, vitamin K, vitamin C, lutein, zeaxanthin, roughage and reasonably rich in iron and calcium.The leaves are widely utilized mainly alone or in … Though usually grown as an annual, kale is a biennial plant and produces yellow four-petaled flowers borne in loose clusters in its second year.

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