facts about king josiah

Josiah was a pupil of Johanan, in whose name he transmitted teachings (tj, Kil. . . The archaeological evidence for Josiah's territorial control consists mostly of royal seal impressions on jar handles, which would limit his sphere of activity within the borders of Judah. In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. In the eastern part of Judah, excavations uncovered the town of En-Gedi (cf. For a century, ever since Ahaz, Judah had been a vassal of the Assyrian empire. Consequently he challenged the pharaoh to battle; but it is reported that “Necho slew him at Megiddo, when he saw him” (2 Kings 23:29). Van Seters, John "Josiah 1450–1521 French Composer, https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/josiah-1, https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/josiah, https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/josiah, https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/josiah-0, https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/josiah, https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/josiah. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. Encyclopedia.com. 4:20; Ta'an. Most Biblical scholars believe that he set up or accumulated important Hebrew scriptures during the "Deuteronomic reform" which likely took place during his reign. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. Encyclopedia of Religion. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. 28:36; Yoma 52b). The King of Egypt assured Josiah that he had no designs upon Judea's independence, and requested free peaceful transit through the land. . 7), where Beth-El and Jericho (previously Ephraimite cities), on the one hand, and the cities of the coastal plain Lydda and Ono, on the other, are considered part of Judah. The Country The borders of Judah as presented in this list undoubtedly go back to the times of Josiah and remained the same until the destruction of Jerusalem. https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/josiah, Freedman, Harry "Josiah Pisḥa 9). The author of Kings rates Josiah highest of all the kings of Judah after David because of his religious reforms, and there is some further reflection of this esteem in Jeremiah 22:15–16. About 621 Josiah launched a program of national renewal, centred on the Temple in Jerusalem. bibliography: R. Nelson, in: W. Hallo et al. He was held in high esteem by his contemporaries. He originated in Babylon and apparently taught in Huẓal (Git. יׁאושִׁיּהוּ ,יׁאשִׁיָּהוּ), son of Amon, king of Judah (640–609 b.c.e.). Encyclopedia.com. Later he moved to Ereẓ Israel, where he studied under R. Ishmael (Men. (35 km.) There are good reasons for antedating Josiah's reform to the discovery of the book: (1) The reforms of the other Judahite kings, e.g., Asa, Jehoshaphat, Jehoash, and Hezekiah, were put into effect without relying upon a written book. Josiah is credited by most biblical scholars with having established or compiled important Hebrew Scriptures. 34:11). Encyclopedia of Religion. Retrieved October 16, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/josiah-0. JOSIAH, or, in Hebrew, Yo ʾ shiyyahu, was a king of Judah (c. 640 – 609 bce). 2:1, 65a–b). Josiah, literally meaning "healed by Yah" or "supported of Yah" was a seventh-century BCE king of Judah (c. 649–609) who, according to the Hebrew Bible, instituted major religious reforms. Freedman, Harry "Josiah (4) The book was discovered in the midst of an action taken in connection with the repairs of the Temple which apparently followed the removal of the cultic objects installed by Manasseh (ii Kings 23:4ff.). Gilat, Yitzhak "Josiah ), and some of his other colleagues were Ḥiyya b. Abba, Ammi, and Assi (tj, Ta'an. Imperial policy imposed alien cults on Judah that suppressed or obscured the Israelite religious identity. When Isaac b. Redifa came to ask a halakhic question of Jeremiah, the latter replied, "the lions are available and you enquire of the foxes! Heinemann, Toledot, 531f. Encyclopedia.com. The account of his reign in 2 Kings 22–23 is almost entirely taken up with a presentation of his cultic reform program in the eighteenth year. ), son of *David, king of Israel. 1, chaps. The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. . The mourning for him was profound (mk 28b), and Jeremiah perpetuated his memory in Lamentations (4:20; SOR 24). Even children have enormous potential to live for God and to have great impact. Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Josiah had four sons, his son Shallum succeeded Josiah as king of Judah, under the name Jehoahaz. Each account has its problems. ), Scripture and Other Artifacts Essays… P. King (1994), 143–68, incl. . מוֹאָב), a land E. of the Jordan and the Dead Sea, one of Israel's neighbors in biblical times. Josiah's great-grandfather was King Hezekiah, a noted reformer. A number of amoraim with the name Josiah are mentioned in the Talmud, and it is possible that one of them, Josiah of Usha (Git. When was the world’s first detective bureau founded? Many of his other rulings also incline to leniency. © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. מְנַשֶּׁה; perhaps "one who causes [an earlier deceased, child] to be forgotten"), king of Judah (698–643 b.c.e. Unwalled settlements of the time of Josiah were discovered in the south and east of Gaza (Gophna, in bibl.). He discussed law in Nisibis with *Judah b. Bathyra. 16 Oct. 2020 . He ruled from the seventh century B.C., which is where he appears on the Bible Timeline with World History. These have been found not only in the area of the Kingdom of Judah but also in Acre, Shechem, Ashdod, Gezer, etc. . Ultimately, of even greater significance for the history of Judaism was the relocation of divine revelation. Wiseman, Chronicles of Chaldean Kings (1956), 13ff. ELIZABETH KNOWLES "Josiah Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). If that account is accurate, then pious King Josiah had been tolerating a temple "overloaded with idolatrous objects" (Japhet, 1019) for 17 years of his reign, as had the high priest Hilkiah. First, Josiah shows the influence a person can have from a very young age. 34:8), so that its role is limited to bringing the people into a covenant to purge the land of the idolatrous practices in the former northern kingdom (II Chron. The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. ; before that no reformative action had been reported. As a result, the Second Temple period saw the rise of scribes and scholars alongside of the temple cult as well as the gradual eclipse of prophecy. In Assyria, Babylonia, which had long been a restive province, led a coalition that sacked Nineveh. . The account of his reign in 2 Kings 22 – 23 is almost entirely taken up with a presentation of his cultic reform program in the eighteenth year. Josiah, also spelled Josias, (born c. 648 bce—died 609), king of Judah (c. 640–609 bce), who set in motion a reformation that bears his name and that left an indelible mark on Israel’s religious traditions (2 Kings 22–23:30). Centralization of worship is the great innovation of the Book of Deuteronomy, and therefore its implementation by Josiah might be the result of the "discovery" of the book. In 616 b.c.e. He is mentioned in the Talmud about 50 times, never in the Mishnah, and once in the Tosefta (Shevu. . The goal of the Deuteronomists was to highlight the importance of the book. . The time of Josiah is thus understood as a period of nationalistic and religious fervor resulting from the decline of Assyrian domination and influence in the west. to the north of Jerusalem (according to Mazar) in the north, En-Gedi and the other towns of Joshua 15:61–62 in the east, and the Simeonite settlements in the south. Encyclopedia.com. . Alt, Kl Schr, 2 (1953), 276–88; F.M. According to the Hebrew Bible, he initiated several major religious reforms. His talmudic dicta cover a wide variety of subjects. Because of his righteousness, his father, Amon, was permitted to enjoy the world to come (Sanh. ." the Judahite cult of Yahweh no longer tolerated other gods. However, the date of retrieval is often important. 8. Encyclopedia.com. Freedman, Harry "Josiah When he opened the Torah which had been found, the first verse to meet his eyes was, "The Lord shall bring thee and thy king unto exile, unto a nation which thou hast not known" (Deut.

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